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import com.sleepycat.db.*;

public static DbTxnMgr open(String dir, int flags, int mode, DbEnv dbenv) throws DbException;


The method returns a "transaction region" identified by the directory dir.

The dir pathname argument is interpreted as described in Berkeley DB File Naming.

The flags and mode arguments specify how files will be opened and/or created if they do not already exist. The flags value is specified by logically OR'ing together one or more of the following values:

Create any underlying files, as necessary. If the files do not already exist and the DB_CREATE flag is not specified, the call will fail.

Cause the m4_reg(DbTxnMgr) handle returned by to be useable by multiple threads within a single address space, i.e., to be free-threaded. Note, threading is assumed in the Java API, so no special flags are required, and Berkeley DB functions will always behave as if the DB_THREAD flag was specified.

On transaction commit, do not synchronously flush the log. This means that transactions exhibit the ACI (atomicity, consistency and isolation) properties, but not D (durability), i.e., database integrity will be maintained but it is possible that some number of the most recently committed transactions may be undone during recovery instead of being redone.

The number of transactions that are potentially at risk is governed by how often the log is checkpointed (see db_checkpoint for more information) and how many log updates can fit on a single log page.

All files created by the transaction subsystem are created with mode mode (as described in chmod(2)) and modified by the process' umask value at the time of creation (see umask(2)))). The group ownership of created files is based on the system and directory defaults, and is not further specified by Berkeley DB.

The transaction subsystem is configured based on the dbenv argument. It is expected that applications will use a single DbEnv object as the argument to all of the subsystems in the Berkeley DB package. The fields of the DbEnv object used by are described below. Any of the DbEnv fields that are not explicitly set will default to appropriate values.

The following fields in the DbEnv object may be initialized, using the appropriate set method, before calling

DbErrcall db_errcall;
String db_errpfx;
int db_verbose;
The error fields of the DbEnv behave as described for DbEnv.appinit.

DbLog lg_info;
The logging region that is being used for this transaction environment. The lg_info field contains a return value from the method. Logging is required for transaction environments, and it is an error to not specify a logging region.

DbLockTab lk_info;
The locking region that is being used for this transaction environment. The lk_info field contains a return value from the method. If lk_info is null, no locking is done in this transaction environment.

int tx_max;
The maximum number of simultaneous transactions that are supported. This bounds the size of backing files and is used to derive limits for the size of the lock region and logfiles. When there are more than tx_max concurrent transactions, calls to DbTxnMgr.begin may cause backing files to grow. If tx_max is 0, a default value is used.

The method throws an exception that encapsulates an errno on failure.

Environment Variables

If the dbenv argument to was initialized using DbEnv.appinit the environment variable DB_HOME may be used as the path of the database home for the interpretation of the dir argument.

If the dbenv argument to was NULL or not initialized using DbEnv.appinit the environment variable TMPDIR may be used as the directory in which to create the transaction region, as described in


If a fatal error occurs in Berkeley DB, the method may fail and throw a DbRunRecoveryException, at which point all subsequent database calls will also fail in the same way.

The method may fail and throw an exception for any of the errors specified for the following Berkeley DB and C library functions: abort(3), close(3), DbEnv.version, fcntl(3), fflush(3), fprintf(3), free(3), fstat(3), fsync(3), getenv(3), getpid(3), getuid(3), isdigit(3), lseek(3), malloc(3), memcpy(3), memset(3), mmap(3), munmap(3), open(3), pstat_getdynamic(3), read(3), shmat(3), shmctl(3), shmdt(3), sigfillset(3), sigprocmask(3), stat(3), strerror(3), strlen(3), sysconf(3), time(3), DbTxnMgr.unlink, unlink(3), vfprintf(3), vsnprintf(3), and write(3).

In addition, the method may fail and throw an exception encapsulating errno for the following conditions:

The shared memory region was locked and (repeatedly) unavailable.

An invalid flag value or parameter was specified.

The DB_THREAD flag was specified and spinlocks are not implemented for this architecture.

The dbenv parameter was null.



See Also

DbTxnMgr.begin, DbTxnMgr.checkpoint, DbTxnMgr.close,, DbTxnMgr.stat and DbTxnMgr.unlink.