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import com.sleepycat.db.*;

public int get(DbTxn txnid, Dbt key, Dbt data, int flags) throws DbException;


The Db.get method retrieves key/data pairs from the database. The byte array and length of the data associated with the specified key are returned in the structure referenced by data.

In the presence of duplicate key values, Db.get will return the first data item for the designated key. Duplicates are sorted by insert order except where this order has been overridden by cursor operations. Retrieval of duplicates requires the use of cursor operations. See Dbc.get for details.

If the file is being accessed under transaction protection, the txnid parameter is a transaction ID returned from DbTxnMgr.begin, otherwise, NULL.

The flags parameter must be set to 0 or one of the following values:

Retrieve the key/data pair only if both the key and data match the arguments.

Retrieve the specified numbered key/data pair from a database. Upon return, both the key and data items will have been filled in, not just the data item as is done for all other uses of the Db.get method.

The data field of the specified key must be a byte array large enough to hold a logical record number (i.e., an int). This record number determines the record to be retrieved.

For DB_SET_RECNO to be specified, the underlying database must be of type btree and it must have been created with the DB_RECNUM flag.

In addition, the following value may be set by logically OR'ing it into the flags parameter:

Acquire write locks instead of read locks when doing the retrieval. Setting this flag may decrease the likelihood of deadlock during a read-modify-write cycle by immediately acquiring the write lock during the read part of the cycle so that another thread of control acquiring a read lock for the same item, in its own read-modify-write cycle, will not result in deadlock.

If the database is a recno database and the requested key exists, but was never explicitly created by the application or was later deleted, the Db.get method returns DB_KEYEMPTY. Otherwise, if the requested key is not in the database, the Db.get function returns DB_NOTFOUND. Otherwise, the Db.get method throws an exception that encapsulates an errno on failure.


If a fatal error occurs in Berkeley DB, the Db.get method may fail and throw a DbRunRecoveryException, at which point all subsequent database calls will also fail in the same way.

The Db.get method may fail and throw an exception for any of the errors specified for the following Berkeley DB and C library functions: Db.cursor, DBcursor->c_close(3), Dbc.get, fflush(3), fprintf(3), vfprintf(3), and vsnprintf(3).

In addition, the Db.get method may fail and throw an exception encapsulating errno for the following conditions:

A lock was unavailable.

An invalid flag value or parameter was specified.

The DB_THREAD flag was specified to the method and neither the Db.DB_DBT_MALLOC or Db.DB_DBT_USERMEM flags were set in the Dbt.

A record number of 0 was specified.



See Also

Db.close, Db.cursor, Db.del, Db.fd, Db.get, Db.get_byteswapped, Db.get_type, Db.join,, Db.put, Db.stat and Db.sync.